Who was the god Scandinavians called Thor, really? And how does this medieval god compare to the modern superhero? To answer these questions we will analyse the work of Martin Arnold in his book Thor: Myth to Marvel. Then, to see how Thor was represented by contemporary medieval pagans we will analyse “The Saga of the People of Eyri.” After an analyses of the medieval Thor, it will then be possible to spot his differences and similarities to the modern Thor depicted in today’s popular culture, namely his first comic book appearances and the latest Marvel movie from 2017, Thor: Ragnarok.
Is the claim that the Normans popularized the castle in Europe during the Middle Ages a myth? And were the Normans the first medieval people in Europe to give an active role to castles rather than just a passive role? To answer these questions, we will look at a medieval castle in Europe, namely the Castle of Gormaz, built by Muslims in Spain, see if it was used passively or actively, and compare it to a few Norman castles.